Urinary incontinence is a common problem in childhood. In the structure of disorders of voluntary urination in childhood, the leading place is occupied by isolated (monosymptomatic) nocturnal enuresis. The article presents a modern classification of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis; the characteristic of possible pathogenetic mechanisms of its development is given. Diagnostic algorithms and issues of non-drug and drug therapy are considered in detail.
Key words: Pediatric urology, neurology, urinary incontinence, enuresis.