Volume 7 Issue 2 (February, 2019)

Original Articles

Analysis of Cases of Renal Stones and Complications in Study Population: A Clinical Study
Sandeep Sharma

Background: Renal stones are common disease in both developed and developing countries. This pathology has become more common over the past few decades as a result of the rapid variations in dietary habits and the increasing standard of living. The present study was conducted to investigate evaluate the cases of renal stones in population. Materials & methods: This study was conducted on 160 patients of renal stones of both genders. Patientsís parameters such as age, gender, type of stones etc. were recorded. Ultrasonography (USG) was performed in all patients. Results: Males were 60 and females were 100. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common symptoms were pain in males (45) and females (86), hematuria in males (50) and females (70), dysuria in males (15) and females (45), anuria in males (10) and females (20), fever in males (55) and females (67) and colic in males (38) and females (51). The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Types of stones was calcium oxalate in males (17) and females (25), calcium phosphate in males (14) and females (20), uric acid in males (10) and females (28), mixed in males (7) and females (12) and struvite in males (12) and females (15). The difference was significant (P- 0.01). Conclusion: Author concluded that renal stones are frequent occurring renal diseases. Females showed higher prevalence as compared to males. Most common type was calcium oxalate. Key words: Calcium oxalate, Chronic kidney disease, Renal stones

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