Background: The major risk factors such as hyperglycemia and hypertension are extensively studied. The present study was conducted to assess risk factors of diabetic retinopathy. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 210 patients of both genders. In all patients, blood pressure assessment, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was done. Results: Out of 210 patients, males were 130 and females were 80. HbA1Ac >7 was seen in 69% and Diabetes duration >5 years in 52.7% and >10 years in 47.7%.Risk factors for DR was hypertension seen in 115, dyslipidemia in 162, diabetic nephropathy in 48 and hypertriglyceridemia in 65. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Diabetic retinopathy has hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetic nephropathy and hypertriglyceridemia as risk factors.
Key words: Diabetic retinopathy, Hyperglycemia, Risk
Received: 05 December 2018 Revised: 20 December 2018 Accepted: 07 January 2019
Corresponding author: Dr. Mohammad Ahsan Dar, Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Hind Institute of Medical Sciences, Mau Ataria, Sitapur Road, Uttar Pradesh.
This article may be cited as:Dar MA, Wani EA. Evaluation of different risk factors of diabetic retinopathy- A clinical study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(2):71-73.