Volume 5 Issue 12 (December, 2017)

Original Articles

Correlating the Ear Length and Ear Width with Mid Facial Height- A Mophometric Study
Manish Airan, Shweta Airan, Lekha Sharma, Navneet Kumar, Ashish Bansal

Introduction - Face is the most expressive part of human body and its deformity can have a significant impact on a patient’s self-image and the ability to function and interact socially. Microtia is one such major facial congenital anomaly of the external ear which includes a spectrum of deformities ranging from a grossly normal but small ear to the absence of the entire external ear.Traditionally, for replacing missing ear, either the ear on contralateral side or the donor’s ears in bilateral cases are used as a guide. For bilateral cases, it becomes a prediction which is arbitrary, cumbersome, time consuming and can even be wrong at times. Hence, in the following study an attempt was made to find a correlation of the ear length and ear width with the mid facial height which is considered to be constant throughout the life. Methods - We selected 40 subjects between the ages of 18 and 30 year to measure the ear length, ear width and mid facial height using electronic digital calliper. Measurements were subjected topearson test and linear regression analysis. Results – On analysing the data we obtained, we observed a highly significant relationship between mid-facial height and ear length (p value < 0.001, for both ear). However, relationship between mid-facial height and ear width was not significant. Conclusion- In prosthetic rehabilitation cases of face, where esthetics are of prime concern, estimation should either be completely eliminated or be minimised as much as possible.In the present study, mid facial height has been used as a reference to predict ear length. The results of the present study state that, there exists a definite correlation between ear length and mid-facial height.
Key words – Auricular prosthesis, maxillofacial, ear length, mid-facial height, anthropometery.

Correspondence Address: Dr Manish Airan, Smile Axis Multispeciality Dental Clinic, 1290/29, Berimed house, Model town, Rohtak (124001), Haryana, India

This article may be cited as: Airan M, Airan S, Sharma L,  Kumar N, Bansal A. Correlating the Ear Length and Ear Width with Mid Facial Height: A Mophometric Study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2017;5(12):19-21.

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