There has been an increased incidence of fungal infection especially those caused by candida albicans. Oral candidiasis is one of the commonly occurring fungal infections of oral cavity. There are evidences about its pathogenecity through biofilm formation and release of hydrolytic enzymes. Candida albicans was the 4th most common nosocomial infection with the mortality rate of 39% in the year 1995. In ICUs it became the 3rd most common nosocomial infection with the mortality rate of 47%. Various predisposing factors are thought to be responsible for the pathogenic conversion of this commensal organism. In the present article we will be reviewing about oral candidiasis with the special emphasis on its pathogenesis, causative organisms and various treatment modalities available.
Keywords – Biofilm, Candida albicans, Commensal, Nosocomial