Background: Sella turcica is an important landmark and has been routinely used in various cephalometric analyses and for analyzing pathologies of the pituitary gland or several syndromes affecting the craniofacial region. The present study was conducted to assess size and morphology of sella turcica in different skeletal pattern. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 75 patients with skeletal malocclusion of age ranged 9-16 years of both genders. IN al patients, size and shape of sella turcica was recorded. Results: Out of 75 patients, males were 30 and females were 45. Class I skeletal malocclusion, 14 patients had normal, 5 had notching, 4 had pyramidal and 2 had oblique shape, in class II, 9 had normal, 10 had notching, 1 had pyramidal and 5 had oblique shape, in class III, 12 had normal, 8 had notching and 5 had pyramidal shape. The mean length was 9.02 mm in class I, 8.75 mm inn class II and 8.72 mm in class III patients. Mean depth was 7.42 mm in class I, 7.20 mm in class II and 7.36 mm in class III patients. Mean AP diameter was 11.18 mm in class I, 11.12 mm in class II and 10.94 mm in class III patients. Conclusion: Authors found that most patients had normal shape followed by notching. The size was found to be similar in all types of skeletal malocclusion.
Key words: Sella turcica, notching, Orthodontics