Background: Ameloblastoma is one of the most recognized odontogenic tumour in many countries from all over the world. It is a relatively rare neoplasm derived from odontogenic epithelium and represents about 1% of all oral tumours. There are three clinical types of ameloblastoma: the solid or multicystic type, the unicystic type and the rare peripheral type. In relation to cellular pattern and organization, ameloblastoma can be classified into subtypes such as follicular, plexiform, acanthomatous, and granular. These subtypes can occur in isolation or combination. Aim of the study: To retrospectively study the clinical characteristics of ameloblastoma cases in a given population. Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Dental institution. For the study, we recovered 30 case histories of ameloblastoma patients from the records of the department. For the analysis of the data, demographic variables such as age, gender, radiographic features, anatomic location, histopathological type and clinical features were considered. Results: During the study period, a total of 30 cases of ameloblastoma were reported in the Department of Oral and maxillofacial of the dental institute. Of the 30 samples, 16 were of males and 14 were of females. Table 1 shows the distribution of ameloblastoma cases on the basis of age. We observed that highest number of cases belonged to age group 60-69 years (n=7). Lowest number of cases were observed in the age group 40-49 years (n=2). Conclusion: From the present study, this can be concluded that the clinical features of ameloblastoma the current study population are very similar to other populations.
Keywords: Ameloblastoma, tumor