Background: The present study was conducted to assess cases of ventilator-associated pneumonia in pediatric patients. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 35 children age ranged 1- 12 years of both genders. In all patients, the duration of mechanical ventilation, length of intensive care was recorded. Outcome was also recorded. Results: Out of 35, boys were 15 and girls were 20. Underlying illness was CHDs in 8, lung diseases in 20, seizures in 4, trauma in 2 and burn in 1. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Days on ventilator were <15 days in 17 and >15 days in 18, position was supine in 7 and semi- recumbent in 28. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). 29 patients survived and 6 died. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Authors suggested that ventilator-associated pneumonia is major cause of mortality and morbidity in pediatrics.
Key words: Pneumonia, Outcome, Ventilator