Volume 7 Issue 10 (October, 2019)

Original Articles

Oral manifestations of Idiopathic Intestinal Crohns disease in a tertiary care hospital in north western part of India: A prospective observational study
Sushil Falodia, Arjun Vyas

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is comprised of two chronic, tissue-destructive and clinical entities including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), both of which are immunologically based. Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease characterized by granulomatous inflammation, which may affect any site along the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus. Recent studies suggest that the mouth may be involved frequently in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). Aim: The aim of this study was to document the various oral manifestations in patients with Crohn’s disease in a tertiary care hospital in north western part of India. Methods: The study included 70 patients with Crohn’s disease. All patients had an oral examination and data was collected in prescribed proforma. Results: Various oral lesions related to Crohn’s disease like mucogingivitis, mucosal tags, cobblestoning, deep linear ulcerations, lip swelling were documented in CD patients. Conclusion: The frequency of oral lesions associated with Idiopathic Intestinal Crohn’s disease was higher in north western part of India. Systematic oral examination may be valuable in the initial diagnostic evaluation of patients with suspected CD. Key words: Crohn’s disease, oral manifestations

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