Background: Thyroid disorders are the most common endocrine disorders worldwide. The present study was conducted to assess role of FNAC in diagnosis of thyroid lesions. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 56 patients with history of swelling in the neck of both genders. 5 ml syringe with 22 gauge needle was used to obtain the smears and the needle was then reaffixed and the aspirate was transferred onto clean labeled glass slides. Slides were prepared and studied. Results: Out of 56 patients, males were 20 and females were 36. 44 lesions were neoplastic, 10 were non- neoplastic and 2 were suspicious of malignancy. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). 24 lesions were benign and 20 were malignant. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05).14 non- neoplastic lesions were inconclusive, 7 were cysts, 8 were goiter, 10 were thyroiditis and 5 were primary hypoplasia. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that FNAC is cost-effective and safe diagnostic method. Maximum lesions were neoplastic.
Key words: FNAC, Thyroid, Neoplastic