Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) or cardiovascular diseases are recognized to be one of the most important reasons of morbidity and mortality and imposes tremendously heavy socio-economic burden worldwide. The present study was conducted to determine clinical profile of patients with coronary artery disease. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 114 cases of coronary artery disease (CAD) of both genders. Detailed clinical history followed by general physical examination and systemic examination was done in all. Weight, height, BMI, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, post-prandial plasma glucose, cholesterol and HDL level was measured. Results: Out of 114 patients, males were 64 and females were 50. The mean height in males was 165.2 cm and in females was 152.4 cm, weight was 72.1 meters and in females was 64.7 meters, BMI was 24.3 Kg/m2 in males and 26.1 Kg/m2in females, SBP in males was 124.6 mm Hg and in females was 120.8 mm Hg, DBP in males was 78.6 mm Hg and in females was 76.2 mm Hg, fasting plasma glucose in males was 94.6 mg/Dl and in females was 90.2 mg/Dl, PPPG in males was 135.6 mg/Dl and in females was 131.2 mg/Dl, total cholesterol in males was 188.5 mg/Dl and in females was 178.4 mg/Dl, HDL was 41.5 mg/Dl in males and 46.8 mg/Dl in females. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common risk factors in patients was smoking in 86, family history in 25, BMI >30 in 58, diabetes mellitus in 45, hypertension in 49 and dyslipidemia in 81. Conclusion: Authors found that maximum cases were seen in males and common risk factors were smoking, dyslipidemia and BMI>30.
Key words: Coronary heart disease, Dyslipidemia, Smoking.
Received: 15 April, 2019 Revised: 25 July 2019 Accepted: 26 July 2019
Corresponding Author: Dr. Bharat Bhushan Sardana , Department of General Medicine, Rajshree Medical Research Institute, Bareilly, U.P., India
This article may be cited as: Sardana BB. Clinical Profile of Patients with Coronary Artery Disease- A Clinical Study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(8): 132-135.