The use of Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) composites in the trauma plating system, total replacement implants, and tissue scaffolds has found great interest among researchers. There is a great revolution in recent years; this type of composites has been scrutinized for suitability as surrogate material over stainless steel, titanium alloys, ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), or even biodegradable materials in orthopaedic and maxillofacial implant applications. Biomechanical and bioactivity concepts were contemplated for development of PEEK orthopaedic implants and a few primary clinical studies reported the clinical outcomes of PEEK-based orthopaedic/ cranial implants. Synthesis of PEEK composites broadens the physicochemical and mechanical properties of PEEK materials. To improve their osteoinductive and antimicrobial capabilities, different types of functionalization of PEEK surfaces and changes in PEEK structure were proposed. PEEK based materials are becoming an important group of biomaterials used for bone and cartilage replacement as well as in a large number of diverse medical fields. The possibility to use these materials in 3D printing process could increase the scientific interest and their future development as well. This study aims to reassess and converse the current concepts, biomechanical as well as bioactivity properties and its trending use in medical field as a maxillofacial and orthopaedic implants.
Key words: Polyetheretherketone, trauma plating, osteoinductive.
Received: 11 April, 2019 Revised: 13 June 2019 Accepted: 15 June 2019
Corresponding author: Dr. George Skariah P, MDS LLB MMM, Associate Professor, Dept of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Govt Dental College, Trivandrum; India
This article may be cited as: P George S, Zachariah GP. Polyetheretherketone: A Crystalline Non-Metallic Plate: Past, Present and Future- A Review. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(7): 31-35.