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Volume 7 Issue 7 (July, 2019)

Original Articles

To find the prevalence and distribution of the incidence of dental caries according to GV Black classification in MBBS & BDS students of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Nepal
Vanita Gautam, Hemant Kumar Halwai

Background: Dental caries is a common public health problem associated with poor oral hygiene, dietary and dental visit habits. The aim of the present study was conducted to find the prevalence and distribution of the incidence of dental caries according to GV Black classification in MBBS & BDS students of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Nepal. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 80 MBBS and 80 BDS students according to GV Black classification to describe the site of caries was conducted during june 2019 among preschool children.  in Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal.All the student of UCMS (MBBS and BDS) were selected on the basis of complete enumeration system.Participant of age group 18-30 years were included in the study.Participants above 30 years, who are not interested to participate in the survey, edentulous arch and student absent during the survey were excluded from the study.A diagnostic criteria for clinical examination was followed in which caries was detected according to WHO criteria. GV Black classification was used to describe the site of caries.Data was analysed using SPSS 20 & descriptive statistics. Results: In our study a total sample of 80 MBBS and 80 BDS student were included of age group 18-30 years.In MBBS students 50 were male and 30 were female. In BDS students 45 were male and 35 were female. MBBS students of age group 18-24 years were 56(70%) and 25-30 years were 24(30%). In MBBS students Class 1 lesions were present in 32(40%), class 2 were present in 25(31.25%), class 3 were present in 15(18.75%), class 4 were present in 7(8.75%) and class 5 were present in 1(1.25%). BDS students age group of 18-24 were 43(53.75%) and 25-30 years were 37(46.25%). In BDS students Class 1 lesions were present in 27 (33.75%), class 2 were present in 33(41.25%), class 3 were present in 11(13.75%), class 4 were present in 9(11.25%) and class 5 were present in 0(0%). Conclusion: Our study concluded that there is a need to increase the knowledge of medical and students on dental caries especially in the etiology and prevention of dental caries. We recommend that undergraduate medical curriculum should also emphasize on oral health topics of public health importance like dental caries and its prevention.
Key words:dental caries, GV Black classification, lesions.

Received: 30 June, 2019                                         Accepted: 2 July 2019

Corresponding author: Dr. Vanita Gautam, Professor,  Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics , UCMS College of Dental Surgery, Bhairahawa, Nepal.

This article may be cited as: Gautam V, Halwai HK. Comparative  To find the prevalence and distribution of the incidence of dental caries according to GV Black classification in MBBS & BDS students of Universal College of Medical Sciences, Nepal. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(7): 4-7.

 
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