Background: Ambulatory anaesthesia is a widely used anesthetic procedure at present. This is because of the availability of improved minimally invasive surgical techniques and addition of new short acting and rapidly metabolizing anaesthetic agents. Aim of the study: To assess the efficacy of two anesthetic agents for ambulatory surgical procedures.Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Anesthesia of the Mahatma Gandhi Missions Medical College, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.For the study we selected 40 patients belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II scheduled for surgical procedures at General Surgery department. The patients were randomly grouped into two groups with 20 patients in each group, Group 1 and Group 2. Group 1 patients received Sevoflurane for maintenance of anesthesia whereas Group 2 received Desflurane for maintenance of anesthesia. Results: A total of 40 patients were included in the study. Mean age of patients in Group 1 was 38.54 years and in Group 2 was 42.28 years. Number of male patients in Group 1 was 11 and in Group 2 were 13. Mean weight of patients in Group 1 was 70.58 kg and in Group 2 was 69.5 kg. Total recovery time in Group 1 was 41.33 min and in Group 2 was 30.28 min. Time for opening eyes postoperatively was 9.21 min and 6.01 min. Conclusion: From the study, we conclude that both the anesthetic agents, Sevoflurane and Desflurane are efficacious in ambulatory surgical procedures. Some of the recovery parameters were seen to be taking more time duration in cases with Desflurane cases as compared to Sevoflurane cases; however, results are statistically non-significant.
Key words: Ambulatory surgery, anesthesia, sevoflurane.