Background: Local anesthetics are effective and safe medicine that is used to prevent and manage pain. There is no other medicine that can be used to prevent pain or that can be used to prevent the propagation of the nociceptive stimuli reaching the CNS. The present study was conducted with the aim to determine and evaluate the anaesthetic efficacy of articaine and lidocaine in third molar extraction. Materials and methods: The randomised prospective study was done amongst 40 patients who reported to the Department of oral and maxillofacial surgery. Patients elder than 18 years of age were taken in the study. Subjects more than 55 years of age were not included in the study. Subjects with systemic co-morbidities like hypertension, diabetes, pregnant or lactating mothers, allergic to local anaesthesia were also not included in the study. Follow up was performed till 3 post operative days. All the data was arranged in a tabulated form and analysed using SPSS software. Chi square test was used for analysis. Probability value of less than 0.05 was regarded as significant. Results: The study included 40 subjects, out of which 25 were males and 15 females. The mean age of the subjects was 30.34 +/- 4.32 years. The mean onset in Group A was 57.21+/- 9.87 secs. The mean onset in Group B was 84.50+/- 10.68 secs. On applying chi square test the p value was less than 0.05 indicating a significant difference between the two groups. Conclusion: As per the study we can come to the conclusion that articaine is a better local anaesthetic than lignocaine.
Key words: Anaesthesia, Articaine, Lidocaine, Pain.
Received: 12 October 2018 Revised: 2 November 2018 Accepted: 5 November 2018
Corresponding author: Dr. Vinayak G, MDS , Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Bapuji Dental College and Hospital , Davangere, Karnataka, India
This article may be cited as: Berwal V, Bansilal B, Kumar N, Kumar P, Kumar V, G Vinayak. Comparison of Anaesthetic Efficiency of lidocaine and Articaine in Third Molar Extraction. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2018;6(11):20-22.