The gingival biotype is not only significant factor influencing aesthetic treatment outcome such as dental implant placement, periodontal surgeries such as root coverage and ridge augmentation procedures but also on restorative and orthodontic therapy. They exhibit different pathological responses when subjected to inflammatory, traumatic or surgical insults as gingival biotypes have different gingival and osseous architectures. Therefore identification of the gingival biotype is important in day to day clinical practice as these pathological responses dictate different treatment modalities. Gingival biotype is commonly neglected factor which affects success and failure of the treatment. This review depicts general aspects of gingival biotypes, the various classifications, methods of assessment and clinical considerations of different tissue biotypes.
Key words: Gingival biotype, Gingival bioform, Clinical importance, Periodontal therapy.
Received: 10 August 2018 Revised: 23 September 2018 Accepted: 26 September 2018
Corresponding author: Dr. Aarti Dhawle, PG student, Department of Periodontology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed to be University Dental College and Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra
This article may be cited as: Dhawle A, Patil V, Aziz A. Gingival Biotype- General Aspects and Its Clinical Applications. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2018;6(10):22-29.