Background: The timing of inguinal hernia repair in preterms represents a balance of the risks of postoperative respiratory complications and hernia incarceration. The present study was conducted to assess cases of inguinal hernia in premature infants. Materials & Methods: 32 cases of inguinal hernia of both genders were recorded. PCA and body weight at HR, and postoperative complications were obtained. Hernia repair was performed by open method and under general and caudal anesthesia. Results: Birth weight was 1246 grams, PCA at surgery was 11.3 weeks, PCA at diagnosis was 34.7 weeks and body weight at surgery was 2215.7 grams. Complications were bronchopulmonary dysplasia in 2, necrotizing enterocolitis in 1, intraventricular hemorrhage in 3 and patent ductus arteriosus in 1 case. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Premature infants have a high incidence of inguinal hernia.
Key words: Premature infants, Inguinal hernia, Respiratory complications