Background: The spleen is the greatest single mass of lymphatic tissue that lies between the left kidney, stomach and diaphragm. The spleen removes old erythrocytes, white cells and platelets. It plays vital roles in regard to blood storage, formation of lymphocyte and defense against foreign particles. The spleen may be involved in a large variety of congenital and acquired disorders. Significant overlap in imaging features among these various conditions is seen; therefore, clinical information is important. Aim of the study: To evaluate congenital abnormalities of spleen: A cadaveric study. Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Human Anatomy of the medical institution. For the study, we studied 30 cadavers with respect to the location, blood supply and any congenital variations in the spleen. All the observations during the study were noted for further analysis. Results: In the present study, we studied 30 spleens. Out of the 30 spleens in the present study, we observed that 22 spleens were normal in their location and had arterial supply from a single splenic artery. Conclusion: From the results of present study this can be concluded that multilobulated spleen even though is a rare anomaly can occur in patients generally. The radiographers should be aware of such congenital anomalies during evaluating routine radiographs.
Keywords: Spleen, congenital abnormality, accessory spleen