Background: Pneumonia is the largest single cause of child mortality outside of the neonatal period. The present study was conducted to assess cases of ventilator induced pediatric pneumonia. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 38 children age ranged 1- 12 years of both genders. In all patients, the duration of mechanical ventilation, position and GCS status was assessed. Results: Age group 1-4 years had 9 boys and 10 girls, 5-9 years had 6 boys and 5 girls and 10-12 years had 5 boys and 3 girls. 9 patients were conscious and drowsy and 29 were stuporous and comatose. Days on ventilator were <15 days in 7 and >15 days in 31, Position was supine in 8 and semi- recumbent in 30. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). 32 patients survived and 6 expired. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that pediatric pneumonia is major cause of mortality and morbidity in today’s world.
Key words: Pediatric, Pneumonia, Ventilator