Background: The international diabetes federation (IDF) estimates the global prevalence of type 2 DM as 6. 6% (285 million cases) in 2010 and expects to reach to 7. 8% (438 million cases) by 2030. Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Prevention, timely diagnosis and treatment are important. Materials and Methods: It is an observational study conducted in the department of medicine S. S. M. C and associated S. G. M. Hospital Rewa from March 2015- August 2016. Observations: Out of 187 patients studied 100 (53. 47%) were males and 87 (46. 53%) were females. The prevalence of type- 2 diabetes mellitus was more in urban 108 (57. 75%) than in rural areas 79 (42. 25%). Out of 187 diabetes patients 33 (17. 64%) patients were illiterate and 154 (82.36%) patients were literate. The most common symptom among diabetic cases was polydypsia/ polyuria (42. 78%) whereas the least common was dysuria (4.2%). 112 (59. 89%) Cases out of 187 diabetic cases were addicted to tobacco. 70 (37.43%) cases out of 187 diabetic cases were addicted to alcohol. Conclusion: The prevalence of T2DM was more in males than in females. In present study prevalence of T2DM in age group of 14- 50 years in Rewa is 3. 46%. T2DM is more prevalent among 30- 50 years age group. The prevalence of T2DM is more in urban than in rural areas. The prevalence of diabetes is more in illiterate population. Most common symptom among diabetic cases was polydipsia and polyuria whereas the least common was dysuria. Prevalence of diabetes was more in tobacco and alcohol addicts than in non addicts.
Key words: Diabetes mellitus, polydipsia, polyuria, dysuria.