Background: There are multiple associated diseases that may be due to obesity such as chronic heart disease (CHD), hypertension etc. The association between mortality and body weight throughout the range of weight has been described. The present study was conducted to assess which parameter correlated more significantly with BMI on non obese, over weight and obese subjects. Materials & Methods: This study was conducted in the department of physiology in year 2016. It consisted of 375 subjects (males- 200, females- 175) between 18- 65 years of age. In all subjects, weight, height, Waist circumference (WC), Hip circumference (HC), waist hip ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressure was measured. All the subjects were divided into 3 groups (1) non-obese, (2) over weight and (3) obese. Following was considered - BMI >30 kg/m2- obese. BMI < 25 kg/m2 - non obese and BMI 25-29.9 kg/m2 - over weight. Results: Out of 375 subjects, male were 200 and female were 175. The difference was non- significant (P- 0.2). 75 were non obese, 210 were overweight and 90 were obese. The difference was non - significant (P- 0.351). Average weight in non obese group was 60.52 kg, in over weight group was 71.68 kg and in obese group was 82.36 kg. Height was 162.22, 160.14 and 158.9 cm in non obese, over weight and obese group respectively. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Waist circumference was 88.43 cm 98.12 cm and 102.75 cm in three groups respectively. Hip circumference was 92.25 cm, 101.25 cm and 109.75 cm in three groups respectively. Waist hip ratio was 0.92, 0.95 and 0.98 respectively. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Systolic blood pressure was 130.26, 134.58 and 136.44 mm Hg in three groups. The diastolic blood pressure was 90.22, 88.64 and 92.46 mm Hg respectively. The difference was non - significant (P > 0.05). In non obese subjects the body mass index was positively correlated with the weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist hip ratio and diastolic blood pressure. However, there was no significant correlation with height and systolic blood pressure. Similarly, among the overweight subjects the body mass index was positively correlated with the weight, waist circumference, hip circumference, but negatively correlated with systolic blood pressure. Among the obese subjects the body mass index was positively correlated with the weight, waist circumference, hip circumference and a mild negative correlation with the height observed. Conclusion: The anthropometric marker BMI, WC, HC and WHR were independently associated with Obesity. However, large scale studies are required to substantiate the results.
Key words: Hip circumference, obesity, waist circumference
Corresponding author: Dr. Anjulika, Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences, Gadia, Barabanki (U.P.)
This article may be cited as: Tiu DN, Anjulika. To assess the correlation of bmi, waist circumference and hip circumference in obese, non obese and overweight population. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2017;5(5):25-28.