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Volume 8 Issue 10 (October, 2020)

Original Articles

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Inguinal Hernia- A Study in a Semi-Urban Area
Dr. S. B. Sharma, Dr. Ruchi Gupta

Background-The protrusion from the bodily cavity through the epithelial duct is termed herniation. this can be the foremost common style of hernia and affects chiefly men. If is commonly said to be related to aging and repeated strain to the abdominal muscles. The prevalence of the wall hernia is estimated to be 1.7% for all ages and 4% of these who are over 45 years old. The inguinal hernias account for 75% of the abdominal hernias with a life time risk of 27% in males and three within the females. Aim and objectives- to determine the prevalence and risk factors of inguinal hernia. Materials and Method- Patients were palpated at each groin to look at if there was a visual and clearly palpable hernia, a palpable impulse or a previous surgical scar. Clearly visible hernias were identified by a visual lump. Diagnosis as a palpable hernia was made if its neck was continuous with the epithelial duct or directed backwards into the abdomen. If there was no visible lump, the scrotum was invaginated by the tiny finger to succeed in the external ring, and also the subject was asked to cough, so as to see whether there was a palpable impulse. Results- Primary inguinal hernia was seen in, 76.6 % males of the primary hernias diagnosed, while in females, the incidence of primary hernias was 23.4%. Recurrent hernias were seen in 84.2% males of the recurrent cases while it was 15.8% in females. The most common cause for the presence of hernia was lifting heavy objects in 52.4% and improper bowel movements, largely which was constipation, seen in 47.7% of the patients. 30.6% had diabetes and 40.5% had chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Conclusion- Predominance of males over females within the time of life group within the incidence of primary and recurrent hernia. Right side occurrence is more common and also the main risk factors are straining or lifting heavy objects and irregular bowel movements. These kind of studies have to be conducted in every region so it may be helpful for future studies in prediction of the prevalence of inguinal hernias. Keywords- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Benign Hypertrophy Of Prostate, Urethral Strictures

 
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