Gingiva is the most commonly pigmented oral tissue. The color of the gingva is generally described as ‘coral pink’ and is dependent on the vascular supply, the thickness and degree of keratinization of the epithelium and presence of pigment containing cells ie melanin. Melanin is a non-haemoglobin derived brown pigment is responsible for the pigmentation of the gingiva. Gingival pigmentation doesn’t pose any medical problem, but it presents a major esthetic concern in individual which leads to unpleasant appearance and embarrassment. This leads to the increase in demand of cosmetic procedure for depigmentation of gingiva.
Key words: Gingiva, Melanin, Pigment, Esthetic, Depigmentation.