Background: Hypertension is still one of the leading health problems in the world. Hypertension itself is a condition that can actually be controlled and early detection can prevent complications. Hypertension along with dyslipidemia is known as one of the major risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Previous research has shown the coexistence of abnormality in lipid profile and hypertension in patients with coronary heart disease.
Objective: To determine the correlation between serum lipid profile and blood pressure in hypertensive patients.
Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 150 participants including 75 normotensive controls and 75 hypertensive patients from January to October 2017 to November 2019 at SNM Memorial District Hospital Firozabad, Uttar Pradesh. Blood pressure and lipid profile including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and high density lipoprotein (HDL) were recorded.
Results: The mean systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure of the hypertensive participants were 154±6.78 and 98±9.62 respectively, which were higher than normotensives. The serum levels of TC, TG, and LDL were higher while HDL levels were lower in hypertensive subjects compared to normotensives, which was statistically significant (P = 0.001).
Conclusion: Hypertensive patients have a close association with dyslipidemia and need measurement of blood pressure and lipid profile at regular intervals to prevent cardiovascular disease, stroke, and other comorbidities.
Key words: hypertension, HDL, LDL, total cholesterol, triglyceride.