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Volume 8 Issue 1 (January, 2020)

Original Articles

Assessment of Prevalence of Early Periodontitis in Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional study
Rajesh Kumar Thakur, Bipin Kumar Yadav

Background: Periodontitis is one of the highly prevalent conditions affecting humans. Age is a recognized risk determinant for periodontitis. The children and adolescents are universally affected with milder forms of the disease. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of early periodontitis in adolescents. Material and methods: The present study was conducted among 540 adolescents of age group of 15-17 years over the period of 6 months. Oral examination and data collection was done. Socio-demographic and oral health behavioural data were collected. For diagnosing periodontal disease, gingival bleeding (BOP) and periodontal pockets (PD) around all teeth according to the modified CPI criteria (WHO, 2013) were employed. Mean and standard deviation was estimated. P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: In the present study, males (53.70%) were more than females (46.29%). 57.40% adolescents belong to urban area where as 42.59% belong to rural area. 66.66% adolescents belonged to government/aided schools. Within 1 year only 22.77% adolescents visited to the dentist. In 76.85% adolescents no gingival bleeding was present. Periodontal pockets were not present in 85.18%. Conclusion: The present study concluded that, 76.85% adolescents had no gingival bleeding and 85.18% adolescents had no periodontal pockets. Only 14.81% adolescents were suffering from periodontitis. Keywords: Periodontal, adolescents, gingival bleeding.

 
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