Volume 7 Issue 12 (December, 2019)

Original Articles

Risk factors of allergic rhinitis in children
Kishan Chand Gupta

Background: Allergic Rhinitis is defined as inflammation of the membranes lining the nose, and is characterized by nasal congestion. The present study was conducted to assess risk factors of allergic rhinitis in children. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 86 cases of allergic rhinitis in children of both genders. The score for AR (SFAR) scale was recorded. In all patients, symptoms and risk factors were recorded. Results: Out of 86 patients, males were 50 and females were 36. Clinical features were blocked nose was seen in 48, running nose in 80, sneezing in 54, itching eyes in 48, asthma in 78 and eczema in 30 patients. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Risk factors form allergic rhinitis in children was overcrowding in 56, positive family history in 47 and low socio- economic status in 38. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that allergic rhinitis in a disease of adults, however, in children it is not uncommon. Common risk factors were overcrowding, family history and low socio- economic status. Key words: Allergic rhinitis, overcrowding, socio- economic status.

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