Background: The morbidity and mortality pattern in late preterm infants is higher than term infants (gestational age ≥ 37weeks). The present study compared morbidity of later preterm infants with term infants. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 20 late preterm infants and 20 term infants of both genders. In all infants, mode of delivery, APGAR score, hypoglycemia, morbidity, jaundice and sepsis etc. was recorded. Results: Mean gestation weeks in group I was 35.6 and in group II was 38.1, mode of delivery was vaginal in 12 in group I and 10 in group II, cesarean in 8 in group I and 10 in group II, APGAR score at 1 minute was 7.31 in group I and 7.78 in group II, at 5 minute was 8.48 in group I and 8.67 in group II. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Hypoglycemia was seen in 4 in group I and 1 in group II, jaundice in 2 in group I and 0 in group II, sepsis 1 in group I and 1 in group II and Respiratory morbidity 1 in group I and 0 in group II. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that late preterm infants were at high risk for respiratory morbidity, jaundice, hypoglycemia and sepsis.
Key words: Jaundice, hypoglycemia, Sepsis.