Volume 7 Issue 10 (October, 2019)

Original Articles

Dental caries and periodontal status among 6-15 yrs aged orphanage child-ren in Patna, Bihar- A cross sectional study
Swati Sharma, Ajoy Kumar Shahi, Subhash Chandra, Minti Kumari, Rana Nagendra Prasad Singh, Bishnupati Singh

Context: Orphaned children remain in greater need of health care counseling, general health care, oral health care, as they are socially and economically marginalized. Very few studies have been conducted on the oral health status of orphanage population till date. Aims: This study was conducted with an aim to assess the dental caries and periodontal status of Orphanage children belonging to 6-15 years age in Patna, Bihar. Settings and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted among orphanage children aged 6-15 years in Patna, Bihar. The students were categorized into 2 groups, 6-12 years and 13-15 years age group. Methods and Material: Dental caries assessment was done by deft/DMFT index and periodontal status was assessed by CPI index as per W.H.O. Oral Health Assessment Form (1997). Statistical analysis used: Statistical test was performed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences, Chicago, U.S.A (SPSS Version 21.0). To compare the population, chi square analysis was used. Results: A total of 562 students participated in the study. Mean deft for 6-12 years was 3.38 3.10. Mean DMFT was higher for the 13-15 years age group, i.e. 5.24 3.25, than that of 6-12 years age group, i.e. 3.42 2.80. Mean deft and DMFT of males was higher than of females. Prevalence of gingival bleeding, Calculus was higher among 6-12 years age group. Conclusions: Orphanage children are high risk group for dental caries and periodontal diseases. Dental Caries and Periodontal disease prevalence were appreciated in the study. Preventive and Curative oral health programs can be recommended with an aim to decrease the existing dental disease burden in orphanages in Patna, Bihar. Key-words: Orphanage, Dental Caries, Periodontal Diseases, World Health Organization (W.H.O).

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