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Volume 7 Issue 8 (August, 2019)

Original Articles

Assessment of cases of Tuberculosis - A Clinical Study
Jitendra Kumar

Background: Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, an acid-fast bacillus. The present study was conducted to assess the cases of tuberculosis in both genders. Materials & Methods: This study was conducted on 46 cases of tuberculosis of both genders. In all patients detailed clinical history and clinical examination was done. Liver function tests, viral markers, USG, CT, MRI and histopathology/microbiology & culture for mycobacteria were done. Results: Out of 46 patients, males were 32 and females were 14. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Hepatic TB was seen in 20 males and 8 females and biliary TB was seen in 12 males and 6 females. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common symptoms in hepatic TB was fever (24), weight loss (18), jaundice (20), abdominal pain (22), hepatomegaly (25) and splenomegaly (21). In Biliary TB, symptoms were fever (14), weight loss (10), jaundice (13), abdominal pain (12), hepatomegaly (10) and splenomegaly (10). The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that common symptoms were fever, weight loss, jaundice, abdominal pain, hepatomegaly and splenomegaly.
Key words: Tuberculosis, Hepatomegaly, Splenomegaly

Received: 15 April, 2019                            Revised:  25 July 2019                              Accepted: 26 July 2019

Corresponding Author: Dr. Jitendra Kumar, Department of T.B. & Chest, Rajshree Medical Research Institute, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India

This article may be cited as: Kumar J. Assessment of cases of Tuberculosis - A Clinical Study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(8): 106-108.

 
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