Background: Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease that its incidence is more in women than men with different age range in around the world. The prevalence of OLP in the general population varies from 1-2%.Hence; we planned the present study to assess prevalence and clinical spectrum of oral lichen planus. Materials & methods: The present study it included assessment of prevalence and clinical spectrum of oral lichen planus (OLP). A total of 1500 patients were included in the present study, who reported to the department of oral medicine and radiology for various dental problems. Complete demographic data of all the patients was obtained. Prevalence of OLP was recorded. Clinical spectrum of OLP was also recorded. All the results were recorded and analyzed by SPSS software. Results: Prevalence of OLP was found to be present in 1.2 percent (18 patients). Among females, the prevalence of found to be 0.47 percent, while the prevalence among males was found to be 0.73 percent. Reticular and papular forms were found to be present in 0.4 percent and 0.27 percent of the patients respectively. Erosive and atrophic type of OLP was found to be present in 0.33 and 0.2 percent of the patients respectively. Conclusion: OLP is more common among females of more than 50 years age, with reticular and erosive form being the most common clinical subtype encountered.
Key words: Oral lichen planus, Prevalence, Spectrum.
Received: 05 December 2018 Revised: 20 January 2019 Accepted: 22 January 2019
Corresponding author: Dr. Karishma, Reader, Oral Medicine and Radiology, Sardar Patel Post Graduate Graduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226025, India
This article may be cited as: Karishma. Assessment of Prevalence and Clinical Spectrum of Oral Lichen Planus: An Observational Study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(2):104-106.