Volume 7 Issue 2 (February, 2019)

Original Articles

Assessment of cases of myocardial infarction - A clinical study
Parul Sharma, Deepak K. Gautam, Pankaj K. Mishra

<p><strong>Background:</strong> Acute myocardial infarction results in death of cardiomyocytes due to ischemia that is critical enough to progress to necrosis. The present study was conducted to assess the cases of myocardial infarction. <strong>Materials &amp; Methods: </strong>The present study was conducted on 110 cases of myocardial infarction of both genders. Medical history of myocardial infarction, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and predisposing factors like pulmonary infection, physical inactivity, unstable mood, vomiting and urinary symptoms were recorded. <strong>Results: </strong>Out of 110 patients, males were 72 and females were 38. Medical history was hypertension seen in 57, diabetes mellitus in 23, renal dysfunction in 10 and previous coronary artery disease in 4. The difference was statistically significant (P&lt; 0.05). Illiteracy was seen in 47, physical inactivity in 24 and emotional stress in 72. <strong>Conclusion: M</strong>ale predominance was observed. Common risk factors were hypertension, diabetes mellitus and past history of coronary artery disease. <br>
<strong>Key words: </strong>diabetes mellitus, hypertension, myocardial infarction.<strong></strong></p>
<p>Received: 5 January 2019&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Revised: 25 January 2019&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Accepted: 28 January 2019<br>
<strong>Corresponding author:</strong> Dr. Deepak K. Gautam, Associate Professor, Dept. of General Medicine Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University Varanasi, U.P., India</p>
<p><strong>This article may be cited as:</strong> Sharma P, Gautam DK, Mishra PK. Assessment of Cases of Myocardial Infarction- A Clinical Study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(2): 58-60.</p>

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