Volume 6 Issue 7 (July, 2018)

Original Articles

Estimation and Evaluation of Mode and Type of Facial Bone Fracture as Related to Demographics: A Clinical Study
Ashish Kumar Kushwaha, Jitender Singh, Deepti Kotnala, Shivam Bhardwaj

Background and Aim: Facial trauma is common nowadays. Mandible and nose fractures are the most prevalent, followed by the zygomatic bone. Maxillofacial trauma is typically caused by blunt trauma due to interpersonal violence, moving vehicle accidents, falls, or sporting activities. A critical analysis of the literature reveals that most studies on facial injuries are limited to data of a predominantly descriptive nature, which compromises the quality of the evidence and the correct interpretation of the findings. This study was conducted to assess the cases of facial bone fractures in study population as related to their demographic details. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on cases of facial bone fractures of both genders (males- 170, females- 110). General information such as name, age, gender, etiology etc was recorded. Type of fractures such as Lefort- 1, II, III, nasal bone, mandibular, zygomatic bone etc. fractures was recorded. Results: Age group 21-30 years, 31-40 years and 41-50 years had significant difference (P< 0.05). Common fractures were Lefort- I (45), II (56), III (37), mandibular (42), maxillary (50), zygomatic (24) and nasal bone fractures (26). The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common etiology was road traffic accident (RTA) (199), fall from height (26) and domestic violence (55). The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Facial bones fractures are common in modern lifestyle. The common type was Lefort- II and maxillary bone fractures those happening primarily due to road traffic accidents. Key words: Fractures, Mandible, Road traffic accident

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