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Volume 7 Issue 1 (January, 2019)

Original Articles

Gingival Crevicular Blood as an Early Indicator of Elevated Systemic Blood Glucose Levels in Diabetic Patients in Dental Practice- Original Research
Nidhi Khajuria

Introduction: Dentist can play a important role in screening of many systemic diseases through  Oral health of the patient. Early diagnosis of any systemic diseases can prevent long-term complications. Diabetic is one of the common chronic diseases. Hence, the study had been undertaken to evaluate whether gingival crevicular blood (GCB) can be used to screen for diabetes during routine oral health checkups. Materials And Methods: This analytical study included sixty participants,  out of which 30 are diabetic and 30 are non-diabetic  who visited  Dr Som’s Dental Clinic, Jammu  and were willing to participate. Blood samples were collected by finger stick method and periodontal probing. The glucose levels of both the samples were estimated using glucometer and correlated the levels from both the methods. Results: Correlation between capillary finger stick blood glucose and GCB glucose was high  (0.98) and was significant at 0.001 level. Conclusion: Blood oozing during routine periodontal examination can be used for diabetes mellitus screening in dental office.
Key words: Gingival crevicular blood , Diabetes mellitus, glucometer.

Received: 2 November 2018                             Revised: 27 December 2018                    Accepted: 28 December 2018
Corresponding Author: Dr. Nidhi Khajuria, Registrar, Department Of Oral Pathology, IGGCD, Jammu, J & K, India

This article may be cited as: Khajuria N. Gingival Crevicular Blood as an Early Indicator of Elevated Systemic Blood Glucose Levels in Diabetic Patients in Dental Practice- Original Research. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(1):65-66.

 
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