Volume 9 Issue 4 (April, 2021)

Original Articles

Assessment of clinical profile of children with dengue fever
Kriti Vishwakarma, Madhu Goyal

Background: Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral infectious disease contributing significantly to morbidity and mortality in south east Asian endemic regions. The present study was conducted to assess clinical profile of children with dengue fever. Materials & Methods: 75 children with confirmed dengue cases of both genders were included. Nutritional status was assessed by World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines and patients were classified as severe malnutrition and moderate malnutrition. Patients were classified as dengue without warning signs, dengue with warning signs or severe dengue according to the WHO classification 2009. Results: Age group <1 year had 5 boys and 3 girls, 1-5 years had 15 boys and 12 girls and 6-12 years had 25 boys and 20 girls. The difference found to be significant (P< 0.05). 38 had severe dengue, 24 had dengue with warning signs and 13 had dengue without warning signs. Common clinical features were malaise, abdominal pain, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, positive torniquet test and petechiae. The difference found to be significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Maximum cases of dengue was seen in age group 6-12 years and patients were moderately malnourished and had severe dengue symptoms. Key words: Children, Dengue, Nutritional status

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