Volume 8 Issue 12 (December, 2020)

Original Articles

Periodontitis, Socio demographic factors and physical inactivity- A cross-sectional observation study
Dr. Shipra Sepolia, Dr. Parul Verma

Background: The prevalence of periodontal disease is significantly higher in a large majority of population but these are exacerbated in populations of men with less income, low educational levels and smokers. Apart from causing periodontal diseases, there cause bad breath and tooth loss, but may be association with systemic diseases like- cardio-vascular disease, stroke, metabolic hyperglycemia, pneumonia, non-alcoholic hepatic diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, pre-term births and low- birth weight of infants. Aim: The aim of the study was to assess an association between periodontitis and physical activity. Materials and methods: A total of 300 study participants were selected based upon inclusion criteria i) Age range of 20 to 50 years; b) Subjects willing for the study; whereas the exclusion criteria of the study were- a) Subjects suffering from medically compromised systemic conditions such as- HIV, infective endocarditis, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, pregnancy and b) Subjects on drugs or medications such as- anti-inflammatory agents, tetracycline, Vitamin C for an approximate duration of six months or use of drugs which cause enlargement of gingival tissues, for example, Dilantin, Phenytoin, calcium channel blockers like- Nifedipine, cyclosporine, amlodipine. A validated questionnaire was used to collect information on social and demographic features, life style variations and periodontal findings. Collected data was statistically analyzed using the multivariate regression analysis. Results: A significant association was observed between stress levels in individuals with less physical activity or exercising capability and increase in periodontal health. Conclusion: An active life style should be followed for maintaining good oral and periodontal health status and should be encouraged in patients diagnosed with inactive life style. Keywords: Periodontitis, life style, inactivity, oral health.

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