Volume 8 Issue 9 (September, 2020)

Review Articles

An Overview of COVID-19 outbreak -Diagnosis, treatments, and prevention
Dr. Vikram Sarbhai

The recent spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and its associated coronavirus disease has affected the entire world and caused widespread public health concerns. The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 escalated into the world as pandemic creating global health and economic crisis. Despite of global efforts to stop the spread of the disease, the outbreak is still on a rise. This is a zoonotic infection similar to other coronavirus infections which were believed to have originated in bats and pangolins, later transmitted to humans. Once entry into the human body, this coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) is abundantly present in nasopharyngeal and salivary secretions of affected patients and its spread is predominantly thought to be respiratory droplet / contact in nature. This Virus can have direct or indirect transmission either directly from person to person or by respiratory droplets. Emerging evidence suggested that it may also be transmitted through contact and fomites. The novel Coronavirus -2019 (2019-nCoV) can also be transmitted directly or indirectly through saliva. The aim of this article is to provide a brief overview of epidemiology, symptoms, and routes of transmission of this novel infection. In addition, specific recommendations suggested for patient screening, infection control strategies and patient management protocols. Key words: Coronavirus; COVID-19; severe acute respiratory syndrome; Coronavirus-2; SARS=Cov2 symptoms, treatment.

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