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Volume 8 Issue 8 (August, 2020)

Original Articles

Efficacy of chlorhexidine and tetracycline in management of cases of chronic periodontitis- A clinical study
Munish Dheeraj, Prafulla Bharti, Urja Ahuja, Dhruvika Garg

Background: Chronic periodontitis is a multifactorial disease and results in a progressive loss of attachment and formation of periodontal pocket. The present study was conducted to compare chlorhexidine and tetracycline local drug delivery systems in management of persistent periodontal pockets. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 60 patients who were divided into 3 groups of 20 each. Group I patients received scaling and root planning only, group II received scaling and root planning and chlorhexidine chip and group III patients received scaling and root planning and tetracycline fibers. Clinical parameters such as the plaque index (PI); the gingival index (GI); probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) using the UNC-15 probe were recorded at baseline, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and after 1 years. Results: The mean PI at baseline in group I was 1.26, at 1 month was 0.76, at 3 months was 0.64, at 6 months was 0.54 and at 1 year was 0.52. The mean GI at baseline was 1.80, at 1 month was 0.94, at 3 months was 0.86, at 6 months was 0.64 and at 1 year was 0.62. A significant difference was found (P< 0.05). The mean PI at baseline in group II was 1.24, at 1 month was 0.74, at 3 months was 0.68, at 6 months was 0.52 and at 1 year was 0.52. The mean GI at baseline was 1.72, at 1 month was 0.80, at 3 months was 0.74, at 6 months was 0.62 and at 1 year was 0.60. A significant difference was found (P< 0.05). The mean PI at baseline in group III was 1.44, at 1 month was 0.78, at 3 months was 0.76, at 6 months was 0.60 and at 1 year was 0.56. The mean GI at baseline was 1.82, at 1 month was 0.92, at 3 months was 0.74, at 6 months was 0.56 and at 1 year was 0.54. A significant difference was found (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Authors found that both tetracycline and chlorhexidine found to be effective in the management of cases of chronic periodontitis. Key words: Chronic periodontitis, Chlorhexidine, Tetracycline

 
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