Volume 8 Issue 8 (August, 2020)

Original Articles

To study different types of benign breast diseases & their clinical and radiological presentation-a prospective study
Pawan Kumar, Pankaj Kumar, Kumar Ratnesh

Background: Benign breast disease in women is a very common finding and results in a diagnosis in approximately one million women annually. The management of benign breast changes includes clinical, radiological. Hence; the present study was conducted for assessing different types of benign breast diseases & their clinical and radiological presentation. Materials & methods: A total of 100 patients with benign breast lesions were enrolled. Only those patients were included which had positive history of presence of benign disorder or disease of the breast such as breast lump, breast pain and nipple discharge. Patients with presence of an obvious malignant pathology or positive history of who had been treated for malignancy earlier were excluded. Clinical examination was carried out. A preoperative pathological investigation (FNAC) was carried out. This was followed by core needle biopsy (Trucut biopsy) radiological investigation (USG or Mammography) was carried out. Results: On histopathologic examination, diagnosis of Fibroadenoma, Fibroadenosis and Abscess were seen in 47 percent of the patients, 19 percent of the patients and 14 percent of the patients respectively. Mastalgia, Intraductal papilloma and Antibioma were the main diagnosis in 7 percent of the patients, 4 percent of the patients and 4 percent of the patients respectively. Clinically, only breast lump was present in 57 percent of the patients, while breast lump with pain was present in 22 percent of the patients. Breast lump with nipple discharge was present in 3 percent of the patients while only breast pain was symptom in 11 percent of the patients. UGS/Mammography diagnosis of Fibroadenoma was confirmed in 53 cases, while Fibroadenosis was confirmed in 21 cases. Conclusion: Adequate knowledge of the spectrum of benign breast pathologies is essential. Good clinical evaluation along with investigations can narrow the spectrum of suspected lesions. Key words: Benign, Breast diseases, Clinical

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