As an emerging infectious disease, coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) seriously threatens human health around the world. Due to the urgent situation of treatment and prevention and control of the disease, it is necessary to research and develop effective intervention methods of COVID-19 to facilitate disease control. There are at least eight types of vaccines being tried against the coronavirus, and they rely on different viruses or viral parts. While finding effective drugs is no easy feat on its own, it is also only at best a single step on a long journey towards taming the COVID-19 beast. Manufacturing, regulatory approval, and supply and access decisions are also going to need collective solutions, as will vaccine and diagnostic development. Again, as a preventive measure, strict vigilance of viral changes in different hosts for prediction of an event is important.
Key words: Coronavirus, Vaccine, clinical trials, SARS-CoV-2.