Health is a pre-requisite for human growth and is basically concerned with the welfare of the common man. Health is not only related to medical attention but a cohesive development of complete human society. Morbid community may be a deterrent for the holistic development of any society. Disease observation is the keystone of pursuing evolution of the trends of disease conditions and risk factors in populations. It is desirable to monitor conventional diseases as well as emerging diseases and risk factors. Over the last 26 years, the country’s disease patterns have changed: mortality due to communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional diseases, has weakened significantly and India’s population is living longer, meaning that non-communicable diseases are increasing. Numerous people are still in shadow of being ignorant for not having knowledge about several diseases, health awareness in general and their right to a healthier quality of life. It is beneficial to recognize the changes in people’s exposure to health risk factors that have taken place over time in diverse parts of the country in order to set priorities for interventions and modify appropriate policy responses.
Key words: health, urbanization, non-communicable diseases, morbidity.