Dentoalveolar trauma represents a significant proportion of facial injuries. Dentoalveolar injuries are those injuries involving the teeth, the alveolar portion of the maxilla and mandible, and the adjacent soft tissues. Dentoalveolar injuries occur commonly in pediatric and adult populations and account for up to 5% of all traumatic injuries for which people seek medical treatment. These injuries present a significant challenge to dental practitioners and require proper diagnosis, treatment planning, and follow-up to ensure a favorable outcome. Patterns of such injuries include the avulsion of teeth, fractures of the teeth, fractures of the alveolar process, and lacerations of the soft tissue. Although it is impossible to guarantee permanent retention of a traumatized tooth, patient age, severity of injury, and timely treatment and follow up of the tooth using recommended procedures can maximize the chances for success. Surgeons need to be aware that dentoalveolar injuries may be a marker for other injuries. Prompt relocation and splinting of displaced teeth is associated with better outcomes.
Key words: Dentoalveolar, concussion, avulsion, splinting, tooth, trauma.