Background - The diagnosis of acute surgical conditions of abdomen is in many instances challenging and complex. In these circumstances, abdominal paracentesis becomes useful and carries immense value. So aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of abdominal paracentesis as a simple, bedside and accurate diagnostic tool for acute abdominal conditions. Material and method - 60 patients with acute abdomen admitted to Emergency Surgery Department of Rajindra Hospital, Patiala were taken for study. Results: In present study we found, sensitivity of the abdominal paracentesis as an aid for diagnosing cause of acute abdomen was 89.65%, specificity was found to be 100%, PPV was 100%, NPV of 20% and accuracy of 90%. Conclusion: Diagnostic paracentesis is an extremely reliable aid in diagnosing patients with suspected intra-peritoneal haemorrhage and visceral perforation.
Key words: Paracentesis, Peritoneal, distension, tenderness, auscultation.