Background: Disease of Periodontium is a group of inflammatory disorders; the pathophysiology of this disease is associated with accumulation of microbial plaque on the teeth and the response of the host to those accumulations. Hence; the present study was undertaken for assessing the effect of removable partial denture (RPD) on periodontal health of teeth. Materials & Methods: A total of 50 patients who reported to the department of prosthodontics with the chief complaint of missing mandibular first and second molar and were prosthetically rehabilitated with RPD. Follow-up as done in all the patients’ upto a time period of two years. Natural unrestored teeth of the opposite side of the jaw were taken as control. Clinical attachment level (CAL), gingival index (GI) of Löe and Silness and Silness and Löe plaque index (PI) were used for assessment of periodontal health. Results: Mean PI of the RPD group was significantly higher in comparison to the control group. Non-significant results were obtained while comparing the mean GI among the patients of the RPD group and control group. Mean CAL of the RPD group was significantly higher in comparison to the control group. Conclusion: Improper oral hygiene maintenance might result in loss of abutment. Therefore; adequate and careful prosthetic treatment planning and oral hygiene maintenance protocols can lead to decrease in incidence of periodontal pathologies related to RPD.
Key words: Periodontal health, Removable partial denture.