Background: Hemorrhoids, also called piles are masses or clumps of tissues which consist of muscle and elastic fibers with enlarged, bulging blood vessels and surrounding supporting tissues present in the anal canal of an individual. The present study was conducted to assess the cases of hemorrhoids in adults. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 87 patients of hemorrhoids of both genders. Dietary habits, bowel habits, amount of physical activity, smoking and alcohol history were noted. Bowel movement frequency was assessed by finding how many movement a patient has in a day or per week. Results: Out of 87 patients, males were 53 and females were 34. Age group 20-40 years had 29 males and 18 females, 40-60 years had 16 males and 11 females and>60 years had 8 males and 5 females. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Common symptoms were bleeding through rectum in 72, mass through rectum in 45, soiling of clothes in 65, pain in defecation in 81 and pruritis in 37. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). 45 patients were on vegetarian diet while 42 were on mixed diet. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05). 15 were doing exercise while 72 do not. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Young age group was more prone to develop hemorrhoids. Common symptoms were bleeding through rectum, mass through rectum, soiling of clothes, pain in defecation and pruritis.
Key words: Defecation, Hemorrhoids, Rectum
Received: 15 June, 2019 Revised: 02 July 2019 Accepted: 05 July 2019
Corresponding author: Dr. Manoj Kumar Sharma, Assistant Professor, Department of General Surgery, Govt. Medical College Datia, M.P. , India
This article may be cited as: Badal RK, Sharma MK. Assessment of cases of hemorrhoids in adults- A clinical study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(8): 39-43.