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Volume 7 Issue 8 (August, 2019)

Original Articles

Clinico-epidemiologic profile of children with congenital heart disease in a tertiary care hospital in North India
Nisha Pandey, Vishal Pooniya

Background- Congenital heart disease is the most common type of congenital anomaly found in children. Hence this study was conducted to observe the clinic-epidemiologic profile of children suffering from congenital heart disease in pediatric OPD. Methods- All children presenting to Pediatrics OPD diagnosed with CHD by clinical findings and echocardiography were included. Their epidemiologic profile and history and examination findings were recorded. Results- Total 153 children, with median age 24 months and 70.6% males, were included in the study. They mostly belonged to rural background (82.4%). Most common clinical manifestation was a murmur (89.5%), followed by tachycardia (58.8%) and tachypnea (41.2%). ACHD (76.5%) were more common than CCHD (23.5%). VSD was the most common ACH (39.2%) whereas TOF was most common among CCHD (11.8%). Conclusions- Like in other parts of this country, we had a male preponderance in children suffering from CHD. Approximately 3 quarters of all children with CHD had ACHD. The profile of these children was no different from other parts of the country.
Key words: Children, congenital heart disease, India.

Received: 13 March, 2019                                         Revised:  10 June 2019                             Accepted: 12 June 2019

Corresponding Author: Dr Vishal Pooniya, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, King Georges’ Medical University, Chowk,  Lucknow-226003, India

This article may be cited as: Pandey N, Pooniya V. Clinico-epidemiologic profile of children with congenital heart disease in a tertiary care hospital in North India. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(8): 92-95.

 
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