Background: Results from the past studies show that gingivitis and periodontitis of varying severity is nearly universal in children and adolescents. Hence; under the light of above mentioned data, the present study was undertaken for analysing the periodontal diseases among children of 8 to 14 years of age. Materials & Methods: A total of 400 children reporting to the pediatric dentistry department were analyzed. Complete demographic details of all the children were recorded. Clinical examination of all the children was carried out using a mouth mirror and a William’s probe. Only patients within the age group of 8 to 14 years were analyzed. Gingival index (GI) was assessed in all the patients. All the results were recorded in Microsoft excel sheet and were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: A total of 88 children were affected with periodontal pathologies. Therefore, prevalence of periodontal diseases among the present study population was 22 percent. Non-significant results were obtained while comparing the age-wise and gender-wise distribution of patients with periodontal diseases. Among the patients with the age group of 8 to 10 years, the mean gingival index per patients was 0.44 while the mean pocket depth was 1.75 mm per patient. Among patients with 10 to 12 years of age, mean gingival index per patients was 0.98 while the mean pocket depth was 2.12 mm per patient. Conclusion: A pediatric dentist should have thorough knowledge of various periodontal pathologies affecting children population, along with interdisciplinary treatment required for handling such patients.
Key words: Children, Periodontal diseases, Prevalence.
Received: 13 March, 2019 Revised: 10 June 2019 Accepted: 12 June 2019
Corresponding author: Dr. Aaysha Tabinda Nabi, Department of Periodontics, Buddha Institute of Dental Sciences and Hospital (BIDSH), Patna, Bihar, India
This article may be cited as: Nabi AT, Sultana R, Afridi SK, Mallik M, Raj N, Toshi. Assessment of Periodontal Diseases among 8 to 14 year Old Children. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(8): 31-33.