Background: It was in the year 1987 that the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) was performed. Since then, there have been many changes and improvements in the technique. Hence; under the light of above mentioned data, the present study was planned to compare the efficacy of three port and four port technique of LC. Materials & methods: A total of 80 patient scheduled to undergo LC were included in the present study and were broadly divided into two study groups with 40 patients in each group; Group A included patients undergoing three port LC; and Group B included patients undergoing four port LC. A self-framed questionnaire was made collecting all the pre-operative details the subjects enrolled in the study. Blood samples were taken preoperatively from all the patients and complete hematological and biochemical profile was assessed. All the patients underwent LC according their respective groups. All the postoperative parameters were recorded on follow-up for comparing the efficacy of the two techniques. Results: Non-significant results were obtained while comparing the intraoperative findings among subjects of group A and group B. Mean operative time among subjects of group A was 49.25 minutes and was significantly lesser than that of subjects of group B (65.22 minutes). Mean patient satisfaction score of subjects of group A was 7.5 and mean patient satisfaction score of subjects of group B was 7. Conclusion: The three port and four port technique of LC can be used with equal efficacy in gallstone patients.
Key words: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Port technique.
Received: 12 April, 2019 Revised: 24 June 2019 Accepted: 26 June 2019
Corresponding author: Arshad Jamal, Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, Government Medical College Badaun, Uttar Pradesh, India
This article may be cited as: Jamal A. Comparative evaluation of efficacy of three port and four port technique of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(7): 47-49.