Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) ranks among the top three cancers in India. The present study was conducted to assess the clinico-pathological findings in patients with OSCC. Materials & methods: The present retrospective study comprised of 142 cases of OSCC of both genders. All the cases were classified on histopathological basis into Well-differentiated, moderately-differentiated and poorly differentiated OSCC. Results: Out of 142 patients, males were 92 while females were 50. Age group 20-40 years had 30 males, 12 females, 40-60 years had 36 males and 28 females and >60 years had 26 males and 10 females. The difference was significant (P<0.05). 82 cases were well-differentiated OSCC, 47 were moderately differentiated and 13 cases were poorly differentiated OSCC. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). 42 cases were of tongue, 39 were of floor of mouth, buccal mucosa 25, gingiva 17, palate 11 and retromolar pad 8. The difference was non- significant (P> 0.05). Significant results were obtained while assessing the clinic-pathologic distribution of OSCC cases. Conclusion: Authors found that OSCC is increasing day by day. Tobacco habit is the main cause. There is varied clinical and histological profile among patients. .
Key words: Clinico-pathologic, Oral squamous cell carcinoma, Tobacco
Received: 11 April, 2019 Revised: 27 May 2019 Accepted: 30 May 2019
Corresponding author: Dr. Rajiv Mengi, Dental surgeon, Department of Oral Pathology, Government hospital, Jammu, India.
This article may be cited as: Karadiguddi P, Mengi R, Melkundi M, BV Harsha, Premnath K. A Hospital-based retrospective study to analyze clinicopathological features of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(7): 36-39.