Background: A dental implant has been designated as a surgical element that serves as an anchor between the jaw bone and the dental prosthesis. The present study was conducted to determine failure rate of dental implants in medically compromised patients. Materials & Methods: The present study was conducted on 134 patients who received dental implants in last 10 years of both genders. Patients were assessed and failure rate such as peri- implantitis, fracture of prosthetic part, loosening of implant was recorded. Results: 26 patients had diabetes mellitus, 30 had hypertension, 56 had osteoporosis and 22 had hyperthyroidism. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Diabetes mellitus patients, 2 patients had peri- implantitis, 1 had fracture of prosthetic part and 1 had loosening of implant. In hypertension patients, 1 had peri- implantitis and 1 had loosening of implant. In osteoporosis patients, 2 had peri- implantitis, 1 had fracture of prosthetic part and 1 had loosening of implant. In hyperthyroidism, 1 had peri- implantitis. The difference was significant (P< 0.05). Conclusion: Among various medically compromised patients, maximum failure rates were seen in diabetes mellitus and osteoporosis.
Key words: Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, osteoporosis
Received: 13 May, 2019 Revised: 12 June 2019 Accepted: 14 June 2019
Corresponding author: Dr. Kaustubh Vilas Mahajan, Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics and Crown and Bridge, Tatyasaheb Kore dental College and Research Center, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
This article may be cited as: Mahajan KV, Kadam SP, Ingale SD, Hanchanale OB. To determine failure rate of dental implants in medically compromised patients- A clinical study. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2019;7(7): 8-10.