Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance first recognized during pregnancy. GDM has been reported to affect between 1.4% to 12.3% of pregnancies, and its prevalence is increasing and parallels the rising incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus worldwide.Aim of the study: To evaluate the rate of preeclampsia with the severity of gestational diabetes mellitus. Materials and methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the medical institution. The ethical clearance for study protocol was obtained from ethical committee of the institution. For the study, we selected 50 pregnant women diagnosed with gestational diabetes from the department of gynecology. The subjects for followed up till the delivery of child for development of preeclampsia. An informed written consent was obtained from the participating subjects.Results: the present study, a total of 50 subjects who were diagnosed with GDM were included. After routine blood work and general examination, preeclampsia was seen 17 patients. The results were compared and were found to be statistically non-significant. Primi gravida was seen in 16 patients, second gravid was seen in 14 patients, third gravid was seen in 11 patients and Fourth and above gravid was seen in 9 patients. Conclusion: From the results of the present study, this can be concluded that arly detection of Gestational diabetes with good antenatal care and strict glycemic control may decrease the incidence of preeclampsia.
Key words: Gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, pregnancy.
Received: 15 September 2018 Revised: 17 November 2018 Accepted: 19 November 2018
Corresponding author: Dr. Monika Kashyap, B-804, Venkateshwara Residency, opposite LLRM Medical College, Garh Road, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
This article may be cited as: Kashyap M. Severity of Gestational diabetes and rate of preeclampsia. J Adv Med Dent Scie Res 2018;6(12):31-34.